Cleaning vs Sanitising vs Disinfecting  - Theo10 | Made-In-Singapore Skincare Products

Photo source from:

According to the CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cleaning, sanitizing, and disinfecting all have different definitions:

  • Cleaning removes germs, dirt, and other impurities from surfaces, but doesn’t necessarily kill them.
  • Sanitizing lowers the number of germs on surfaces or objects—either by killing them or removing them—to a safe level, according to public health standards or requirements.
  • Disinfecting kills germs on surfaces or objects.

In short it’s helpful to think of the relationship between cleaning, sanitizing, and disinfecting as a spectrum, with cleaning at one end and disinfecting at the other.

99.9% vs 99.99% vs 99.999%

If you want to get really technical, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines sanitizers as chemical products that can kill at least 99.9% of germs on hard surfaces (that percentage should go up to 99.99% of germs on surfaces used for food service). Disinfectants are, again, stronger, killing 99.999% of germs on hard, non-porous surfaces or objects.

The difference really boils down to the fact that sanitizing solutions aren’t as strong as disinfecting solutions. But some products can be both sanitizers and disinfectants.

When should you sanitize and when should you disinfect?

There are certain procedures for cleaning groceries, surfaces in your home such as doorknobs, and your hands, and it’s crucial to get them right. 

Let’s start with groceries: You don’t need to wipe them down with wipes (or any other disinfectants) or a sanitizer. All you have to do is clean them (using water, but no soap) when you bring them in your home.

On the opposite end of the spectrum, you only disinfect highly-touched areas of your home, like doorknobs, toilet handles, and even sinks. countertops.

However, if you’re using any surfaces for food preparation, it’s best to sanitize those, so any chemical residue isn’t as powerful and potentially harmful.

As for your own hands, do not use a disinfectant wipe on your hand as the chemical may be harsh on your skin especially if you have sensitive skin. 

Ultimately, you can go by this simple rule: Wipe off surfaces but wash your hands,” says Donald Ford, MD, family medicine doctor at Cleveland Clinic. That’s because “good” bacteria live on your skin, so when you apply something that kills basically all the bacteria on your hands, you’re killing off some that are actually helpful and natural. “There’s a reason we don’t apply something that kills every organism” on the skin, says Dr. Calello, (hence hand sanitizer, which contains a lower percentage of alcohol than disinfectant. 

However, it’s important to remember that hand sanitizer is fine if you’re out in public, but it’s always better to wash hands with soap and water if that’s an option.

THEO10 Moisturizing Hand Sanitizer

Introductory video:

THEO10 has created an all-natural Hand Sanitizer which is not just germ-killing and moisturising, it is also extremely safe for babies and people with extremely sensitive skin. It comes with different sizes, 60ml being the smallest for convenience purposes and 1.1L for refilling purpose.

  • We use at least 75 percent of ethyl alcohol to ensure that the concentration of alcohol that is extremely effective in killing germs—almost 99.99% of the germs (Proven by the ALS report).
  •  The alcohol disrupts the membrane of the virus and bacteria and stops them from mutating/multiplying hence preventing a full evasion of the body and weakening of the immune system. 
  • At the same time, we ensure that the alcohol content is not too strong for kids and people with extremely sensitive skin. 
  • For a virus, sanitizers work by disrupting the virus’s outer coat. For bacteria, they work by disrupting its cell membrane.
  •  The alcohol evaporates after 10 seconds, leaving you with a cooling effect as well as a non-sticky and non watery effect on your skin.
  • The sanitiser has a light white tea and orchid scent which allows one to feel refreshed.
  •  It is definitely suitable as  for kids or people with extremely sensitive skin as the hand sanitizer is gentle and light on the skin.
  • In addition we use aloe vera to help prevent wrinkles and dryness on the skin.


• Kills beyond 99.99% of germs & bacteria

• Suitable for dry and sensitive skin

• Suitable for all ages

• Helps maintain skin moisture

• Contains vitamins

• Contains no preservatives

• Leaves the user with a mild orchid and white tea scent

• Does not interfere with users’ perfume or cologne.


• Corn Based Ethyl Alcohol (75%)

• Aloe Barbensis Miller (200X Concentrate)

• Witch Hazel (Cold Pressed)

• Vitamin E (Essential Oil)

• Orchid (Essential Oil)

• White Tea Extracts

• Vegetable Glycerine (USP Grade)

THEO10 Disinfectant Spray

Introductory video:

The THEO10 team is proud to announce our new product, THEO10 Disinfectant Spray.


THEO10 Disinfectant is a broad-spectrum disinfectant and antimicrobial agent. It is very easy to use as there is no need to scrub it in or wipe clean as it leaves no residue and it is 100% natural and water based, it causes no skin irritation and can be used on any surface. 

It contains ingredients recommended by WHO, NEA and EPA in specific concentrations. 

THEO10 disinfectant and sanitizing products have been tested to kill beyond 99.99% of bactericidal activities  as per European Standards laid out in BS EN 1040:2005


• Kills beyond 99.99% of germs & bacteria

• 100% Natural

• Leaves the user with a mild Frangipani scent

With the convenience of a disinfectant spray, you will have the ease to disinfect the surfaces mentioned above, starting with the door knob, with just a pull of your finger. Our disinfectant spray has been tested on common materials such as plastic, wood, and metals and proven for its 99,99% germ-killing efficacy. 

To purchase:

Adapted from: