There are a few core skin-type terms that get thrown around pretty frequently — namely, oily, dry, acne-prone, and sensitive skin. Sensitive skin, is one of those phrases that you hear about all the time, and you might even think you have it, but you’re probably not sure what causes it in the first place or how to properly care for it. Is sensitive skin something you’re born with, or can it happen to anyone? Are there different types, or degrees, of sensitive skin? What common skin-care ingredients should someone with sensitive skin try to avoid?
What is sensitive skin, and how can you tell if you have it?
According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), millions of people are affected by sensitive skin. However, there is no formal definition of sensitive skin. If you experience stinging, burning, bumps or irritation when certain products contact your skin, you have some form of sensitive skin. A common factor of those with sensitive skin, is that their skin is easily irritated, whether it’s due to ingredients, stress, or the environment.
Signs of Sensitive Skin
The following are some of the signs that go along with sensitive skin:
- Redness or flushing
- Rashes of any type
- Burning or stinging
- Dry or flaky patches
- Itchy skin
- Smell of fragrance or perfume makes your eyes tear and cause irritation
- Swelling or tenderness
- Sensitivity to sunlight
Different types of sensitivity
Just like there are varying degrees of severity for oiliness, dryness, and acne, there are also different levels of sensitive skin.
According to Dermatologists, sensitive skin can generally be divided up into four main types: naturally sensitive, environmentally sensitive, reactive, and thin.
- Naturally sensitive skin: This is genetic and it can be linked to inflammatory skin conditions like eczema, rosacea, and psoriasis.
Find out more about the causes and treatment of eczema on our blog here: https://theo10.com/what-are-the-causes-symptoms-and-treatment-for-eczema/
Find out more about the causes and treatment of psoriasis on our blog here: https://theo10.com/psoriasis-causes-symptoms-and-treatments/
- Environmentally sensitive skin: As its name implies, this type of sensitivity is triggered by your environment. Sun exposure, cigarette smoke, air pollution — anything your skin comes into contact with might send it into a stinging, irritated frenzy.
- Reactive skin: This type of skin becomes red and inflamed by skin-care products, resulting in very red, warm and irritated skin. Often people will notice papules or pustules forming where the irritant was placed.
- Thin skin: As we age, our skin naturally becomes thinner, and thinner skin is easier to irritate.
Which skin-care ingredients should sensitive skin types avoid?
Since there are varying degrees and causes of sensitive skin, everyone is different. Generally speaking, those with sensitive skin would be wise to avoid using personal-care products that contain fragrances and dyes. The same rules apply for the skin on your body — even using laundry detergent that is heavily scented or contains dye can cause a reaction
Regarding skin-care specifically, dermatologists advise sensitive-skinned patients to steer clear of sulfates, exfoliants like glycolic, salicylic acid, and retinoids, and creams with multiple ingredients. Isopropyl alcohol and chemical sunscreens are also common irritants.
Which ingredients should sensitive skin types use then?
Your doctor may prescribe antihistamines for some forms of sensitive skin symptoms, such as hives. Since there are no known permanent treatment for sensitive skin, managing it helps:
- Protect your skin in the sun. Use a gentle sunscreen with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.
- Only use soap-free cleansers for your skincare routine.
- Opt for fragrance-free hair care, skincare and cosmetics.
- Use flavor-free toothpaste that’s free of mint.
- Keep your skin hydrated with a mild moisturizer for your skin type.
What about makeup?
Yes you can still wear make-up even though you have sensitive skin as long as you choose cosmetics that won’t provoke irritation. Dermatologists recommend seeking out mineral makeup and silicone-based foundation, and generally choosing cosmetics with fewer preservatives and shorter ingredient lists. Do not use waterproof cosmetics as you need a special cleanser to remove them. For the rest of your eye makeup, use pencils instead of liquid eyeliners; the latter can contain latex, which can cause allergic reactions.
At THEO10, we ensure that our products are suitable for all sensitive skin.
We provide medical creams which proves to be effective in stopping some symptoms of skin issues.
Our products are approved by the Health Ministry of Singapore. We can claim that our products are suitable for sensitive skin simply because our products do not contain harsh chemicals such as sulfate or acids as mentioned above.
Instead, most of our ingredients contain all-natural ingredients which are plant based, such as neem oil.
For scent-wise, we use premium pure scent extract which does not contain any dyes or artificial fragrances, hence making sure it is suitable for sensitive skin as well.
Similarly for our sunscreen, we use zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as the main ingredient. It is not a chemical sunscreen but more of a physical sunscreen.
Find out more about our sunscreen here: https://theo10.com/theo10-sunscreens/