The coronovirus, COVID-19, has been an hot topic for the year 2020. Although not as deadly as SARS virus, it is extremely contagious. SARS killed 774 people and infected 8,098 between November 2002 and July 2003. Whereas COVID-19 has killed nearly three times that many people in eight weeks. More than 2,100 people have died from the coronavirus, and at least 75,500 have been infected across 27 countries. Till date, official statistics have shown that more than 118,000 people have been infected and over 4,200 have died. Even the US has 30 reported and unknown deaths.
In Singapore, just in the month of February 2020 alone, there has been a record of 84 cases. The latest reported number of cases stands at 166. With just the outbreak in Jurong Safra, it contributes to 32 of the cases, the highest number of cases in a region. All ages have been proven to be able to contract this virus from newborn babies to elderly. Given the majority of Singaporeans live in HDB, a single resident being diagnosed with the disease, may mean that the whole block may be at risk of contracting with the virus. The situation is worsened if the diagnosed resident touches railings or presses buttons in the lift. The neighbours could easily be affected if hygiene is not well taken care of.
However, how does the coronavirus affect the body?
For most patients, COVID-19 begins and ends in their lungs, because like the flu, coronaviruses are respiratory diseases. They spread typically when an infected person coughs or sneezes, spraying droplets that can transmit the virus to anyone in close contact. Coronaviruses also cause flu-like symptoms: Patients might start out with a fever and cough that progress to pneumonia or worse.
World Health Organization reported that the disease typically attacked the lungs in three phases: viral replication, immune hyper-reactivity, and pulmonary destruction. The earliest studies on COVID-19 have shown that many patients develop pneumonia in both lungs, accompanied by symptoms like shortness of breath.
In phase 2, the immune system kicks in. Aroused by the presence of a viral invader, our bodies step up to fight the disease by flooding the lungs with immune cells to clear away the damage and repair the lung tissue. When the immune system is not strong enough to fight the disease, these deadly cells kill anything in their way, including your healthy tissues. Eventually, even more debris clogs up the lungs, and pneumonia worsens.
During the 3rd phase, lung damage continues to build—which can result in respiratory failure. Even if death doesn’t occur, some patients survive with permanent lung damage. When that occurs, patients often have to be put on ventilators to assist their breathing. Meanwhile, inflammation also makes the membranes between the air sacs and blood vessels more permeable, which can fill the lungs with fluid and affect their ability to oxygenate blood. In severe cases, the lungs are flooded resulting in the inability to breathe.
When any virus enters your body, it looks for human cells with its favorite doorways—proteins on the outside of the cells called receptors. If the virus finds a compatible receptor on a cell, it can invade. Some viruses are picky about which door they choose, but others are a little more promiscuous.
Researchers believe COVID-19 enters the same receptor as SARS. Both viruses can access the cells that line your intestines and large and small colon, and those infections appear to flourish in the gut, potentially causing the damage or the leakage of fluid that becomes frequent diarrhea.
When a zoonotic coronavirus spreads from the respiratory system, your liver is often one downstream organ that suffers. Doctors have seen indications of liver injury with SARS and COVID-19—often mild, though more severe cases have led to severe liver damage and even liver failure. Once a virus gets into your bloodstream, they can swim to any part of your body. The liver is a very vascular organ so a coronavirus can very easily get into your liver.
In a normal body, liver cells are constantly dying off and releasing enzymes into your bloodstream. This resourceful organ then quickly regenerates new cells and carries on with its day. Because of that regeneration process, the liver can withstand a lot of injury.
When you have abnormally high levels of enzymes in your blood, though—as has been a common characteristic of patients suffering from SARS, MERS and COVID-19, it’s a warning sign. It might be a mild injury that the liver will quickly bounce back from or it could be something more severe—even liver failure. Hence it is critical to get a check-up when experiencing pain in the liver especially in crisis time like this.
The above are just some of the organs which are mainly affected by the virus. Others may include the heart, bloodstream and the kidney.
So how do we respond to this virus?
Theo10 hand sanitisers are preventive measures against contracting the disease. It kills microbe cells and prevents infectious cells from entering our body, eliminating risk of our body contracting the disease. It is important to use it frequently, before and after meals, after using the washrooms or after taking the lift. Many may be ignorant that they are touching their faces most of the time, despite the fact that their palms may contain deadly germs and bacteria. Hence, the alcohol in the hand sanitisers ensures 99.99% of the germs are killed and is definitely safe for you to touch your face. What’s even better is the fact that the Theo10 hand sanitisers are baby friendly and specially formulated for those with extremely sensitive skin. The pleasant white tea and orchid smell from the hand sanitisers gives off a refreshing effect to the user. In addition, the hand sanitisers are uniquely moisturising as well! It ensures your skin or hands do not feel dry or wrinkly after using the hand sanitisers due to the alcohol content. With the proper use of our hand sanitisers, one can feel assured and benefit from the unique features that come with the germ-killing effect.
The Theo10 team hopes that everyone will stay safe and practise good hygiene by using the hand sanitisers frequently. Thank you.