What are the causes, symptoms and treatment for eczema? - Theo10 | Made-In-Singapore Skincare Products

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a common form of skin inflammation that causes the skin to become itchy, red, swollen and painful.  Symptoms can vary from a mild rash that disappears quite quickly to a more severe condition that’s present for a long time.   While there is no cure for eczema, the main goal of treatment is to eliminate itching which, if left untreated, can provoke or worsen the other symptoms. 

Eczema generally occurs in babies and children, although it can occur at any time of life.  Eczema usually develops in the first year of life.  Most children have a substantial improvement in their eczema by their mid-teens but, in some, severe eczema persists into adulthood.

Eczema usually starts on the face followed by the hands and feet.  Older children tend to be affected in the elbow and knee creases, neck, wrists, ankles and feet.  The hands and feet tend to be the most commonly affected areas in adults. Eczema is not a contagious condition.

Eczema is a form or dermatitis that tends to develop in people with allergies such as asthma and hay fever and often runs in families.  Skin affected by eczema may be more vulnerable to infections such as warts, cold sores and athlete’s foot.

Causes

Healthy skin acts as a barrier to retain moisture and to protect the body from environmental challenges.  Any factor that disrupts the ability of the skin to act as an effective barrier can lead to the loss of moisture, causing dryness and the entry of allergens, irritants and bacteria, which can result in inflammation and infection.

Potential causes of eczema are:

  • Dry skin, which in turn affects the skin’s barrier function
  • Genetic mutations that affect the skin’s barrier function
  • Immune system dysfunction causing an unwanted inflammatory response in the skin.

Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare (ie: become worse). These trigger factors can be: 

  • Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress.
  • Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, moulds or foods.

Signs and symptoms

The classic symptoms of eczema are:  

  • Itching.  This is the worst aspect because it can be upsetting for the child.  It also makes the child scratch causing further rawness of the skin and possible infections to develop.
  • Redness caused by extra blood flowing through the blood vessels in the skin in the affected area.
  • A grainy appearance to the skin, caused by tiny fluid filled blisters just under the skin called “vesicles.”
  • Weeping when the blisters burst, either by themselves or because of scratching, and the fluid oozes on to the surface of the skin.
  • Crusts or scabs that form when the fluid dries.
  • Children with eczema often have dry, scaly skin.  This may be the result of the disease or it may also be the natural skin type of the family.  Dry skin can be a predisposing factor to developing eczema.
  • Pale patches of skin may appear because eczema can disturb the production of pigment which controls skin colour. The effect does fade and disappear.
  • Lichenification – a leathery, thicker skin area in response to scratching.  

Treatment

The main goal of treatment is to eliminate the itching which provokes or worsens the other symptoms and causes the most discomfort.  In some very mild cases eczema can be managed by:  

  • Avoiding likely sources of irritation (triggers)
  • Using emollients such as special bath oils and moisturisers.

THEO10 Eczema Cream

Theo10 ECZEMA is a non-steroidal cream that relieves intense itch and redness. We use Neem seed oil that is cold pressed with no heat to extract as many benefits without losing its natural properties. Our Peppermint essential oil from America contains at least 50% menthol and this can only be achieved under very strict farming and processing conditions. Our beeswax has been tripled filtered using very fine micron-sized mesh to ensure no impurity without destroying its natural properties and benefits. With the added propolis, it has a soothing effect at the affected area. 

How it works?

Theo10® ECZEMA contains high menthol content that relieves itch to stop the user from scratching. Neem oil comes to contact with the skin and helps improve the skin condition. Beeswax ensures that the oils are in constant contact with the skin. It also lends its water-resistant property for a prolonged duration of protection. It moisturizes the skin as our beeswax lend its water-resistant properties to keep the skin constantly moisturized.

Our ingredients

We use Neem seed oil that is cold pressed with no heat to extract as many benefits without losing its natural properties.

Our Peppermint essential oil from America contains at least 50% menthol and this can only be achieved under very strict farming and processing conditions.

Our beeswax has been tripled filtered using very fine micron-sized mesh to ensure no impurity without destroying its natural properties and benefits. With the added propolis, it has a soothing effect at the affected area.

Things to Note:

– Suitable for children

– Theo10 ECZEMA cream is dark brown in colour with black spots

Method of Application:

– Use regularly when needed

Uses:

  1. Relieves itch
  2. Reduce redness

Ingredients include:

  1. Peppermint Essential oil
  2. Neem seed oil
  3. Triple filtered Beeswax
  4. Bee Propolis

Uniqueness:

  1. No Steroids
  2. Smells like mint honey

Suitable for:

  1. Young children
  2. Adults

As eczemas are persistent, it comes and goes, we can prevent it by using the THEO10 MOISTURISER as well. 

While the eczema creams stop the itch, the mosituriser creates a barrier to prevent the infected area from coming into contact with bacteria in the air, thus preventing further outbreak.

Adapted from : https://www.southerncross.co.nz/group/medical-library/eczema-causes-symptoms-treatment